Huber Matos: “The struggle continues. Viva Cuba Libre!” / CID
Posted on February 27, 2014
Huber Matos died on the morning of 27 February in Miami. On the 25th he
was admitted to Kendall Regional Hospital where he was diagnosed with a
massive heart attack. On the 26th he asked that they withdraw his
respirator because he wanted to say goodbye to his wife María Luisa
Araluce and to his children and grandchildren. During the day he
received calls from Cuba and the main leaders of his party, the
Independent and Democratic Cuba (CID) movement, who assured him the
organization would not rest until the island is free.
Activists in Holguín sang the national anthem to him and members of the
organization throughout Cuba were notified of the situation and of the
commitment of their leader. His last words were: “The struggle
continues. Viva Cuba Libre!”
Huber Matos left a political testament and a letter to Venezuelans.
There will be a service for him in Miami on Sunday, 2 March, and he
asked to be taken to Costa Rica, the country that sheltered him when he
went into exile the first time during the Revolutionary struggle in
1957. It was from Costa Rica where he left for the Sierra Maestra to
join the guerrilla war, and to this nation that he returned after
spending two decades in prison in 1979.
“I want to return to Cuba from the same land whose people always showed
me solidarity and affection, I want to rest in the earth of Costa Rica
until Cuba is free and from there go to Yara, to accompany my mother and
reunite with my father and with Cubans.”
Huber Matos Benítez was born in Yara, Cuba, on 26 November 1918. He was
a schoolteacher turned Revolutionary from his opposition to the
dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista. In 1957, during one of the rebels’
logistical support operations, Matos was captured by Batista’s army in
the Sierra Maestra area, but he was able to escape and go into exile in
There, with the support of president José Figueres, he raised arms with
which he landed in a cargo plane in the Sierra Maestra. These arms were
decisive for the triumph of the small and poorly equipped Rebel Army
against the offensive launched by Batista in 1958. For his courage and
leadership in the guerrilla struggle, Matos was the rebel who rose most
quickly to commander, as head of the Antonio Guiteras Column 9.
The frequent battles and triumphs of this column converted Huber Matos
and his men into a legend. Column 9 was in charge of the siege,
surrender and taking of the city of Santiago, a deciding action in the
final victory of the revolutionary movement. Photographs of Fidel
Castro’s triumphant entry into Havana show Huber Matos and Camilo
Cienfuegos at his side.
In 1959 Matos was named Army Commander in Camagüey province. After
having discussed several times with Fidel Castro the growing alignment
of the process with Communism, he renounced it, stating that this
constituted a betrayal of the democratic principles of the Revolution as
they had been promised to the Cuban people. In response, Castro ordered
his arrest on 21 October 1959.
A week after his detention Camilo Cienfuegos, who shared Matos’ concern,
mysteriously disappeared with his plane and pilot and they were never found.
During the summary trial for sedition in December 1959, Matos insisted
on denouncing the deviation from the objective of the Revolutionary
Movement for which he and so many others had risked their lives. He was
sentenced to twenty years in prison, which he served in rebellion until
the last day in 1979.
When he left prison, a representative of the Costa Rican government
traveled to Cuba to accompany him on his trip to Costa Rica, where a
large group of Cubans met him at the airport, along with the president
Rodrigo Carazo, José Figueres and Oscar Arias.
From exile, he worked tenaciously to denounce the Castro regime. This
led him to found, in 1980 in Caracas, Venezuela, the Independent and
Democratic Cuba movement (CID), which today has a large membership
organized in delegations throughout the entire island. Members of the
CID are frequently harassed, imprisoned, and at times tortured by the
In his autobiographical book “How the Night Came,” which has sold more
than 100,000 copies and which circulates clandestinely in Cuba, Matos
relates the details of his participation in the Revolutionary army and
his subsequent imprisonment, in which he was subjected to every kind of
As Secretary General of the CID, from his base in Miami, Florida, Huber
Matos engaged in intense activity reporting and campaigning in the
United States, Latin America and Europe. In 2002 his social-democratic
party published the Project of the New Republic, which has five key
1. Independence and sovereignty
2. Multiparty democracy
3. Free market economy
4. Human rights and social justice.
5. Latin American and continental integration
In addition, in 2011 the CID published a draft Constitution that
guarantees the exercise of democratic freedoms and respect for human
rights for all the inhabitants of the island, and includes a variety of
provisions on education, social welfare, the economy and the environment.
Commander Matos qualified as a teacher in Santiago de Cuba and received
a PhD in Teaching from the University of Havana.
Source: Huber Matos: “The struggle continues. Viva Cuba Libre!” / CID |
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